Under eye circles

What are under eye circles?

Although most people think that fatigue and tiredness are the primary causes of under eye circles, genetics also plays a big part. Dark circles under the eyes form as a result of the thin layer of skin showing the blood vessels more clearly, and light reflecting back off the skin under the eyes. As skin loses its ability to retain elasticity and regenerate with age, under eye circles become more noticeable. When more melatonin is produced in the skin under the eyes, perioribital hyper-pigmentation occurs. Dark under eye circles are commonly accompanied by puffiness or ‘bags’ that are usually caused by a build up of fluid under the eye.

What causes under eye circles?

Natural ageing makes skin thinner, and reduces collagen and elastin in the skin. The dark blood vessels beneath your skin also become more visible. Extreme fatigue, and not enough or too much sleep can cause the thin skin under the eyes to become dull and pale, allowing blood vessels beneath the skin to show through. Puffiness in the under eye area is caused by fluid build up and retention as a result of sleep deprivation. Allergic reactions and dehydration can also trigger the appearance of under eye shadows and circles, and puffiness, inflammation or swelling.

Overexposure to the sun can cause the body to produce an excess of melanin, which is responsible for the tanning of skin. Too much of this pigmentation can cause a darkening beneath the eyes.

Treatment options:

Targeted skin peels can help to reduce the dark circle skin pigmentation that is caused by the hollow around the orbital rim. Lower eye bags, dark circles and a loss of volume in the area below the eye, can be minimised with the help of hyaluronic acid dermal fillers. As the loss of fat volume under the eye can result in dark circles that give the eyes a sunken appearance, tear trough dermal fillers can be injected into the tissue to even it out, and to plump it up. The daytime procedure requires no downtime and causes no surgical scarring.

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